British rule in India

India’s independence is filled with the sacrifices of our freedom fighters when round the 17th century European traders started making their out posters in India due to all the chances, their trade was well established and that He started deploying military unit, greed increased in his mind.

Mangal pandey revolution

By 1857, these protests took the form of a revolution. On 29 March 1857, Indian troops revolted against the Charibukta cartridge. Mangalpande first voiced. He refused to operate the cartridge. Sergeant Hudson of the platoon proceeded to capture Mangal Pandey. Mangal Pandey shot him. The British punished Mangal Pandey for hanging. But the spark by Mangal Pandey was not extinguished but spread throughout India.

In Delhi, under the leadership of Bakt-Khan, British rule was severely hurt, in Kanpur, Nana Saheb and Tatya Tope, in Jhansi, Rani Laxmi Bai took the reins. The British had got the message that it will not be easy to rule in India. Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs all participated actively in this fight and resolved to overthrow the British government.
 
 With the turn of the century, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Arvind Ghosh launched the Swadeshi movement. Lokmanya gave the slogan ‘Freedom is our birth right, we will take it.’

Naram dal and Garam dal

In 1907, two Congress parties were formed. Naram dal and Garam dal. Naram dal team was led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Ferozeshah Mehta and Dada Bhai Nauraji. While the Garam Dal was led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lal Lajpat Rai, and Vipin Chandra Pal (Lal, Bal, Pal). The Garam dal was demanding complete swaraj. Whereas the Naram dal wanted self-government in the British Raj. However, later these parties became one. But the ideology remained different in them.

In 1919, there was a revolution against the Rowlatt Act (imprisonment without trial). The result of which was the jallianwala bagh hatyakand. On 19 April 1919, on the auspicious day of Baisakhi at Jallianwala Bagh in Punjab, they had gathered at Jallianwala Bagh to protest against the oppressive policy of British rule. Suddenly General Dyer fired indiscriminately at the unarmed. Due to which thousands of people died. The revolutionary Udham Singh avenged this by killing General Dyer.

After the First War (1914–1916)

After the First War (1914–1916) Mahatma Gandhi was elected unopposed leader of the Congress. He took the path of liberating the country through non-violence. Which connected the Indian public with them. Although some revolutionaries did not agree with this ideology.

Revolutionaries such as Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Butkeshwardutt believed that freedom could be achieved in a violent and violent manner. 1920 -1922 Indian National Congress launched ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’. Which gave a new energy to Indian independence.

Read more – Indian constitution

The Simon Commission was sent to India in 1927 for the purpose of reforming India. There was not a single member of India. There was no mention about Swarajya. Due to which the general public was enraged. The Muslim League and Lala Lajpat Rai boycotted it. The people were lathi-punished by the British for coming. Due to which Sher-e-Punjab Lala Lajpat Rai got serious injuries and he was martyred.

Avagya andolan

In early 1929, the ‘Disobedience Movement’ started under the leadership of Gandhiji. The aim of which was to completely oppose the orders of the British Government. It was also decided that India would celebrate Independence Day on 26 January 1930. Meetings were held all over India. The flag was hoisted by the Congress. The British government attempted to completely suppress the movement. Thousands of people, including Gandhi and Nehru, were imprisoned.

Only after this, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged on 23 March 1931 for throwing a bomb in Delhi’s Assembly Hall (Lok Sabha) as a demonstration against foreign autocratic rule.

Quit India Movement

In August 1942, Gandhiji started the ‘Quit India’ movement. In which he gave the slogan ‘Do or Die’. This movement forced the British to leave India. This movement started in public places, railway stations and government offices. The whole system got disturbed due to sabotage and violence. Congress was banned. Army was called to suppress the movement.

Azad Hind Fauj

On the other hand Subhash Chandra Bose went abroad from Calcutta to Germany for mass revolution. There he founded the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’. World War II began in 1939. The British Governor General declared a war on behalf of India without consulting the Indian leaders. Subhash Chandra fought the British forces with the help of Japan. Andaman and Nicobar Islands were freed from the clutches of the British. After the defeat of Japan in 1945, he moved to a safe place by plane. Nothing was found as their ship crashed. The mystery remains even today about the death of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. His slogan was ‘You give me blood, I will give you freedom’.

Subhash Chandra Bose invited India and foreigners to fight for freedom. After the end of World War II, the Labor Party came under the rule of the British Prime Minister, Minister Richard Attlee. The Labor Party had some sympathy for independence. In 1946 a cabinet commission was sent to India. Only then a proposal for the creation of an interim government was sent.

Division of India

An interim government was formed under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru. The Muslim League refused to attend the meeting of the Constituent Assembly. Because they were demanding a separate state of Pakistan. After this, LordMount Benton presented the plan of partition of India as India and Pakistan. India had no choice but to accept it. India became independent at midnight on 14 August 1947. He said in his speech that ‘when the world must be sleeping at the stroke of midnight. Hindustan will wake up for life and freedom. A moment which is rare in history. When we step into the new world with our old armor, when an era will end and when the soul of the nation will be able to find its voice after being repressed for a long time. We are ending an era of misfortune today and India rediscovered itself Is starting.

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