The rivalry between Ukraine and Russia is decades old, but never did a situation of war arise between the two. In recent times, Ukraine has suddenly become important for both Russia and the US superpowers in view of the balance of power, and therefore war between these two countries has become unintentional.
The years-long Cold War between Ukraine and Russia has finally turned into a war and the US-European Union and NATO failed to stop the war. Months ago, Russia had deployed about 90 thousand soldiers on the border of Ukraine, which was already being seen as a possibility and possibility of war. Although it was expected that this potential war would be resolved through diplomatic efforts, it did not happen. Let us understand why this war is happening between the two countries?
The root of controversy in the mirror of Ukraine and Russia’s history
Ukraine was a part of the Soviet Union until 1991, before the breakup of the Soviet Union. When Ukraine was one of the 15 republics of the Soviet Union and was under Soviet rule, it was involved in one of the earliest rebellions against Moscow’s control. Even before this, Ukraine had opposed Stalin’s Russification project in the 1930s. At that time also Ukraine accused Stalin of massacring of Ukrainian people.
The seeds of enmity between the two countries were sown here
Luhansk and Donetsk are regions of south-eastern Ukraine, which are major industrial centers and are collectively known as the Donbas. Russia and Ukraine also border here. About 40 percent of the people in these two regions are Russians, the largest minority in the Donbas region. The people here speak Russian. Their culture is also similar to that of Russia. Even the people of this area have a relationship with bread-daughter with Russia. That is why he has been inclined towards Russia from the beginning.
Demand for the autonomy of Donbass
After the independence of Ukraine from Russia, the Donbas became the center of the rebellion against Ukrainian centralization. The Kyiv government ignored the demands for the transfer of powers and recognition of the Russian language here. However, due to the abundance of natural resources and is a trading center, there was the rise of an elite class, which was pro-Russian. Viktor Yanukovich, who was Ukraine’s president from 2010-to 2014, raised the demand for autonomy in southern and eastern Ukraine. Yanukovych became an advocate of closer economic and military ties with Russia. However, the demand for autonomy was shelved.
Russian recognition of the ‘People’s Republic’ is adding fuel to the fire
In 2014, Russia invaded Crimea, a territory under Ukraine, and annexed it in the name of a plebiscite. At the same time, the Donbas region, inspired by Crimea, declared itself independent of Ukraine in 2014 following an internal uprising, although it was never recognized by Ukraine, Moscow, and the international community. A week ago, Russian President Vladimir Putin formally recognized the Luhansk People’s Republic and the Donetsk People’s Republic as two separate regions of Ukraine’s Donbas region. Only after this Russia had raised its 90 thousand armies here. Putin had cited the establishment of a ‘peace order’ in these areas.
What is the interest of America and Europe?
Ukraine acts as a buffer zone for Britain and America in the case of Russia. Under a defense agreement with Britain, Ukraine wants to establish a navy base in two of its areas, and Russia does not like this. Apart from this, Britain and America have also offered Ukraine to give NATO membership. Russia fears that after getting NATO membership, Ukraine will be completely out of its sphere of influence and it will start following the instructions of America and Britain. This situation will not be right in favor of Russia. This is also the immediate cause of this war.