What is W.H.O. And what is its full form?

This organization, which has contributed to health care services around the world, was established on 7 April 1948 for standard development and mutual support on health related problems.

The WHO has 193 member countries and 2 affiliated members. After the Second War, the World Health Organization i.e. ‘World Health Organization’ was established by absorbing all the health organizations in the United Nations with the aim of raising the standard of health of the whole world. The WHO is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. India is also a major member country of the World Health Organization, its Indian headquarters is New Delhi. Its became a member of the WHO on 12 January 1948.

History of world health organization

After the establishment of the WHO, it was actively involved in the eradication of smallpox. Currently the work of this organization is concerned with the quality of air, water, medicines, vaccines etc. and is working to control infectious diseases like HIV and influenza and non communicable diseases like cancer, heart, lung, kidney.

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It was established on 7 April 1948. On its foundation day, World Health Day is celebrated every year on 7 April. It publishes an international publication on health called the World Health Report.

Currently, the President of the World Health Organization is Tadros Aderonam Gabreyes, who will succeed Dr. Margaret Chen, who is retiring after working for two terms of five years each for 10 years.

Goals and objectives of world health organisation

  • WHO aims to create a better healthy future for people around the world.
  • It aims to operate through offices in more than 150 countries.
  • They try to protect us from diseases such as HIV, influenza, and cancer, heart disease, and infectious diseases.
  • The purpose of the WHO is to assist the government in strengthening health services.
  • It is to establish and maintain administrative and technical services such as epidemiological, scientific and statistical services.
  • Improvement in nutrition, housing, sanitation etc.
  • To develop an informed public opinion among all people for health.
  • To promote cooperation between scientific and professional groups.

Other efforts done by WHO:

  • The WHO has also increased its efforts to combat cancer, which, like rich nations, is now causing deaths in developing countries.
  • Tobacco is the leading cause of death of both men and women.
  • To prevent these deaths, efforts are being made by WHO to restrict tobacco consumption in each country.
  • The worldwide epidemic of AIDS presents yet another challenge for the WHO amid growing global efforts to stop the spread of this deadly sexually transmitted virus.
  • The WHO is working on a self-test facility for HIV sufferers so that more people with HIV can know their condition and receive the right treatment.

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